I earned my PhD in physics from the University of Cincinnati in 1987 with a thesis in general relativistic cosmology. Immediately thereafter, I published papers on misconceptions of Big Bang cosmology, e.g., I explained how we can observe galaxies with Hubble recession velocities greater than the speed of light. In 1994, I began study of foundational physics which spawned a new interpretation of quantum physics called Relational Blockworld (RBW). This interpretation has since led to a new approach to unification and quantum gravity, a so-called “theory X” in the foundations community. I co-authored a book on RBW’s adynamical approach to physics called “End of the Mechanical Universe” that is due out in late 2017 with Oxford University Press. I have published papers on RBW in Foundations of Physics (2008, 2013), Studies in History & Philosophy of Modern Physics (2008), International Journal of Quantum Foundations (2015), and “Beyond Peaceful Coexistence: The Emergence of Space, Time and Quantum,” Imperial College Press (2015). RBW and theory X have been presented worldwide to include New Directions in the Foundations of Physics, American Institute of Physics (2005); Time-Symmetry in Quantum Mechanics, University of Sydney Centre for Time (2005); Endophysics, Time, Quantum and the Subjective, Bielefeld University (2005); Foundations of Probability and Physics 4, Linnaeus University (2006); Quantum Structures, Malta (2006); Projective Geometries, Slovak Academy of Sciences (2007); The Clock and the Quantum: Time and Quantum Foundations, Perimeter Institute (2008); The Search for Fundamental Theories, Imperial College (2010); Hiley Symposium, Helsinki (2010); Philosophy of Science Association, Montreal (2010); Retrocausality in Quantum Mechanics, University of Miami (2012); Foundations of Physics 2013, Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy (2013); Quantum Foundations Workshop, IJQF online (2015). Theory X has consequences for cosmology as shown in a paper in Classical & Quantum Gravity (2012). Specifically, theory X suggests a modification of Regge calculus cosmology (MORC) which provides a fit of the Union2 supernova data equal to that of the reigning cosmology model ΛCDM. In contrast to ΛCDM, the MORC universe is decelerating and there is no need for dark energy. This is in direct contradiction to the citation for the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics which reads, “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.” An essay explaining this outcome won Honorable Mention in the Gravity Research Foundation 2012 Awards for Essays on Gravitation and was published in International Journal of Modern Physics D (2012). In 2015-16, I used MORC to fit THINGS data for galactic rotation curves equal to MOND, ROSAT/ASCA data for the mass profiles of X-ray clusters equal to metric skew-tensor gravity, and Planck 2015 CMB angular power spectrum data equal to scalar-tensor-vector gravity. [This paper is currently under review.] These fits did not need non-baryonic dark matter, so in contrast to the concordance model of cosmology, we may not need dark matter or dark energy to explain astrophysical observations. An essay explaining this outcome won Honorable Mention in the Gravity Research Foundation 2016 Awards for Essays on Gravitation and was published in International Journal of Modern Physics D (2016). In 2016, I published a paper debunking a famous 2014 claim in Nature Communications that the so-called Quantum Cheshire Cat experiment had been instantiated (the authors claimed to have separated neutrons and their spin property).

I have broad intellectual interests and have taught astronomy, cosmology, philosophy of science, differential geometry, acoustics, science & religion, partial differential equations, numerical methods, bionanotechnology, statics, and neuropsychology, as well as traditional areas of physics, e.g., introductory physics, advanced laboratory, quantum mechanics, general & special relativity, electromagnetism, and mechanics.

Additionally, I have audited nineteen of my colleagues’ courses at Elizabethtown College. In 1996, I co-taught a Junior-Senior Colloquium entitled, Exploring Worldviews: Cosmology in Philosophical, Scientific, and Theological Perspective with colleagues in philosophy and religious studies that won a prize in the Templeton Foundation’s Courses in Science and Religion Program. In 1997, I was co-director of the conference Reasons to Believe hosted by Elizabethtown College.